Sunday, April 14, 2013

Combining Conditions & Boolean Operators

Combining Conditions & Boolean Operators

The AND operator can be used to join two or more conditions in the WHERE clause. Both sides of the AND condition must be true in order for the condition to be met and for those rows to be displayed.
SELECT column1, SUM(column2) FROM "list-of-tables" WHERE "condition1" AND "condition2";

The OR operator can be used to join two or more conditions in the WHERE clause also. However, either side of the OR operator can be true and the condition will be met - hence, the rows will be displayed. With the OR operator, either side can be true or both sides can be true.

For example:
SELECT employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, salary FROM employee_info WHERE salary >= 50000.00 AND title = 'Programmer';


This statement will select the employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, and salary from the employee_info table where the salary is greater than or equal to 50000.00 AND the title is equal to 'Programmer'. Both of these conditions must be true in order for the rows to be returned in the query. If either is false, then it will not be displayed.
Although they are not required, you can use paranthesis around your conditional expressions to make it easier to read:
SELECT employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, salary FROM employee_info WHERE (salary >= 50000.00) AND (title = 'Programmer');
Another Example:
SELECT firstname, lastname, title, salary FROM employee_info WHERE (title = 'Sales') OR (title = 'Programmer');

This statement will select the firstname, lastname, title, and salary from the employee_info table where the title is either equal to 'Sales' OR the title is equal to 'Programmer'.

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